Study of the Letter to Romans (chapter1)

I. introduction

a) Presentation and personal greeting

Paul presents the relationship between history, humanity and divinity. The historical element is King David. The human issue is the flesh seed of Christ. The divine element is the statement to his divine sonship. This shows us that the gospel is stuck in the human context so historically proved.


b) Subject
After his presentation and greeting, Paul begins to introduce the message. Note that he prepared the whole scenario (historical and divine) before starting, and emphasizes the need not to be ashamed of preaching the gospel of Christ.


It is interesting that Paul always justify their answers to doctrinal statements, notwiththemoralofthetime. When he states that he is not ashamed, he answers why: “for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth.” If we believe in that power, then we can not be ashamed to preach the gospel!


In verse 17 he adds: “For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith. “(refers to Habakkuk 2.4). We can only be saved through of the faith. If we have faith, then we can not be ashamed to preach the gospel.


II. The human problem

In the development of the epistle, Paul will share the gospel, but the Romans could ask: Why the Gospel? This would be presented as a “remedy”, but for this, it is imperative that the “disease” be diagnosed.


a) The idolatry and the depravation of men

v18-19: At this point Paul shows that the “For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness.” Those who behave like this, do that by its very nature of wickedness and perversion. And because of this can not see evidence of the existence of God which is manifested in nature.


b) God gave the men up to the evil desires of their hearts

V20-24: “For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, {even} his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse: {so…: or, that they may be}” Everything is visible and clear. But, because of the sinful nature (wickedness and perversion) of the human being, he alone can’t see this truth.


v25-27: As a result, man is left to their own carnal desires of the heart. Expressing everything we have to sin. As a result, we have for example, idolatry, homosexuality and other sins. Let’s see what Paul says:


“Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness through the lusts of their own hearts, to dishonour their own bodies between themselves: Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen. {more: or, rather} For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections: for even their women did change the natural use into that which is against nature:And likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in their lust one toward another; men with men working that which is unseemly, and receiving in themselves that recompence of their error which was meet. ”(vs. 24-27)




c) Our depraved and fallen nature

v28-32: Through our depraved and fallen nature, we despise God. And that brings us to the consequences of our sins.


We need to understand the meaning of the word ‘depraved’. Biblically speaking, it means that the men born without the inner capacity to glorify God. What I mean by that? No knowledge of God. There is not a desire to glorify God. They can’t do! Sin keeps you from knowing the Almighty. Therefore, the knowledge of the gospel is needed. It’s the good news that God exists and that He wants to save us!


Bible: King James 

Translation: Henderson Fonteneles
Reviser: Diego Rodrigues
Source: Estudo da Carta aos Romanos (Cap 1)